MAAS treats physical servers (or KVM guests) as a public cloud treats cloud instances. From the website:
Self-service, remote installation of Windows, CentOS, ESXi and Ubuntu on real servers turns your data centre into a bare-metal cloud.
This page covers the following topics:
- Add a MAAS cloud
- Add credentials
- Bootstrap a controller
There are two methods to define a cloud for Juju.
- Use an interactive prompt
- Define a YAML file
Both methods make use of the
juju add-cloud command. You will need to supply a name you wish to call your cloud and the unique MAAS API endpoint.
To access detailed help about all of its options, use this command:
juju help add-cloud
What does --local do?
--local option instructs Juju to store the cloud definition on the machine that you’re executing the command from.
Omitting it will store the cloud definition on the controller machine. This enables controllers to control models on multiple clouds, but isn’t recommended while you are creating your first model.
add-cloud command without providing its name or an API endpoint will begin an interactive session.
juju add-cloud --local
Example user session specifying
maas-cloud as the cloud name and
http://10.55.60.29:5240/MAAS as its API endpoint :
Cloud Types lxd maas manual openstack vsphere Select cloud type: maas Enter a name for your maas cloud: maas-cloud Enter the API endpoint url: http://10.55.60.29:5240/MAAS Cloud "maas-cloud" successfully added You will need to add credentials for this cloud (`juju add-credential maas-cloud`) before creating a controller (`juju bootstrap maas-cloud`).
We’ve called the new cloud
maas-cloud and used an endpoint of
The manual method makes use of configuration files defined in YAML. To define a configuration file that mimics the parameters provided by the interactive example, use this:
clouds: # clouds key is required. maas-cloud: # cloud's name type: maas auth-types: [oauth1] endpoint: http://10.55.60.29:5240/MAAS
Assuming that we’ve saved this YAML snippet as
maas-cloud.yaml, adding it to Juju looks like this:
juju add-cloud --local maas-cloud maas-cloud.yaml
A single configuration file can define multiple clouds. They can be loaded into Juju one at a time.
Here is an example defines that three MAAS clouds,
clouds: devmaas: type: maas auth-types: [oauth1] endpoint: http://devmaas/MAAS testmaas: type: maas auth-types: [oauth1] endpoint: http://172.18.42.10/MAAS prodmaas: type: maas auth-types: [oauth1] endpoint: http://prodmaas/MAAS
To add clouds
prodmaas, assuming the configuration file is
maas-clouds.yaml in the current directory, we would run:
juju add-cloud --local devmaas maas-clouds.yaml juju add-cloud --local testmaas maas-clouds.yaml juju add-cloud --local prodmaas maas-clouds.yaml
See the Adding clouds manually page for further information.
Ask Juju to report the clouds that it has registered:
juju clouds --local
add-credential command to interactively add your credentials to the new cloud:
juju add-credential maas-cloud
Example user session:
Enter credential name: maas-cloud-creds Using auth-type "oauth1". Enter maas-oauth: Credentials added for cloud maas-cloud.
We’ve called the new credential ‘maas-cloud-creds’. When prompted for ‘maas-oauth’, you should paste your MAAS API key. It will not be echoed back to the screen.
The MAAS API key can be found on your user preferences page in the MAAS web UI, or by using the MAAS CLI, providing you have sudo access:
sudo maas apikey --username=<username>
For more information about credentials, read through the Credentials page.
To view the credentials that Juju knows about, use the
credentials command and inspect both remote and locally stored credentials:
juju credentials juju credentials --local
You are now ready to create a Juju controller for
juju bootstrap maas-cloud
MAAS will allocate a node from its pool to run the controller on.